Cultural Marxism, dubbed “the greatest cancer in the Western world”, is the ideological driver behind political correctness. It is the destructive criticism and undermining of all institutions of Western civilization and the traditional values underpinning it.
Cultural Marxism was formulated as a way to subvert Western nations and civilization using methods other than direct political action.
Cultural Marxism is largely a synthesis of Marx and Freud. It is Marxism as applied in the cultural sphere and the analysis and control of the media, art, theatre, film and other cultural institutions in society, often with an emphasis on class, race and gender.
Shortly after the Russian Revolution, in 1919 the Bolsheviks founded Comintern (the Communist International) to “fight by all available means … for the overthrow of the international bourgeoisie for the creation of an international Soviet republic.”
Two Marxist theorists, Antonio Gramsci of Italy and Georg Lukacs of Hungary, concluded that the Christianised West was the obstacle standing in the way of a communist new world order. Gramsci said that Christianity had corrupted the working class and the West would have to be de- Christianised by a “long march through the culture” – starting with the traditional family and completely engulfing churches, schools, media, entertainment, civic organizations, literature, science, and the presentation (and revision) of history.
In 1923 Lukacs established the Institution for Marxism in Frankfurt – later known as the Frankfurt School. Lukacs said “I saw the revolutionary destruction of society as the one and only solution. A worldwide overturning of values cannot take place without the annihilation of the old values and the creation of new ones by the revolutionaries.”
During the Second World War, the Frankfurt School relocated to various campuses in the United States and many became influential in American universities. The Frankfurt School’s studies combined Marxist analysis with Freudian psychoanalysis to form the basis of what became known as “Critical Theory.” – the destructive criticism of Western culture, including Christianity, capitalism, authority, the family, patriarchy, morality, tradition, sexual restraint, loyalty, patriotism, nationalism, ethno-centrism, conservatism.
Critical Theory repeats over and over this mantra of alleged Western evils: racism, sexism, colonialism, nationalism, homophobia, fascism, xenophobia, imperialism, and of course religious bigotry (only applied to Christianity).
In 1950, Theodor Adorno of the Frankfurt School proposed the idea of the ‘authoritarian personality‘ – claiming that Christianity, capitalism, and the traditional family create a character prone to racism and fascism. Thus, anyone who upholds traditional moral values and institutions is both racist and fascist, and everyone raised in the traditions of God, family, patriotism or free markets needs psychological help.
The Frankfurt School were frustrated at the persistent lack of interest by the Western working class in revolt. Herbert Marcuse asked the question: Who could substitute for the working class as the agent of revolution?
His answer was: marginalized groups, including black militants, feminists, homosexual militants, the asocial, the alienated and third world revolutionaries represented by the mass murderer Che Guevara.
Cultural terrorism – now called political correctness – was to be waged against white, Christian, capitalist, heterosexual males.
So victim groups were to be defended: Blacks, women, also now Muslims as alleged victims of “racism“ and “genocide” and also, more recently, the environment (being raped by white capitalists).
Marcuse’s book ‘Eros and Civilization’ (1955) promoted free love and the pleasure principle – giving rise to the mantra of the late 1960s onward of “Make love not war” and “If it feels good, do it”. This in turn led to the drug counterculture of the 1970s – “turn on, tune in, drop out”. This is very subversive of traditional values like the work ethic and the pursuit of excellence. These victim groups are the basis of the gay studies, black studies, women’s studies, peace and conflict studies, etc. departments now infesting universities, along with the “Green Left”. None of these departments encourages genuine critical thought: they peddle only a one-sided agenda of destructive pessimism about Western culture.
Although the Frankfurt School gradually became autonomous, it continued to receive Soviet support and encoragement. Communist bookstores in Western countries in those days were full of books promoting gay and lesbian rights, land rights, feminism and the rights of minority groups such as America's blacks and Hispanics. The books, together with Soviet financial and organisational support spawned activist groups, all with a common pro-Communist, anti-American and anti-establishment theme.
Cultural Marxism now riddles the institutions of Western society – universities, and especially the public media. Its tactic of political correctness – linguistic fascism – now intimidates and suffocates much public discourse. It afflicts the major political parties, not only the Left.